%Temp%orary Constrained Language mode in AppLocker

TL;DR Done as a normal user without admin privs Change %TEMP%/%TMP% to point to a location that allows execution of scripts defined by AppLocker Start Powershell with the new environment variables that you set for %TEMP%/%TMP% and profit! Background This blogpost covers a technique I discovered when digging further into AppLocker to bypass Powershell Constrained … Continue reading %Temp%orary Constrained Language mode in AppLocker

Persistence using Universal Windows Platform apps (APPX)

TL;DR Persistence can be achieved with Appx/UWP apps using the debugger options. This technique will not be visible by Autoruns. Two different approaches exists (registry keys). Listed below are the two techniques for two different apps that starts at logon: Cortana app: reg add HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PackagedAppXDebug\Microsoft.Windows.Cortana_1.10.7.17134_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy /d "C:\windows\system32\cmd.exe" OR reg add HKCU\Software\Classes\ActivatableClasses\Package\Microsoft.Windows.Cortana_1.10.7.17134_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy\DebugInformation\CortanaUI.AppXy7vb4pc2dr3kc93kfc509b1d0arkfb2x.mca /v DebugPath /d "C:\windows\system32\cmd.exe" … Continue reading Persistence using Universal Windows Platform apps (APPX)

Another way to get to a system shell – Assistive Technology

TL;DR Manipulate HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Accessibility\ATs\magnifier - StartExe to run other binary when pressing WinKey and plus to zoom. Can load binary from Webdav and also start webbrowser and browse to desired link Runs command as system during UAC prompt and logon screen   I have thought a while about this blogpost and finally had some time to … Continue reading Another way to get to a system shell – Assistive Technology

Real whitelisting attempt using AppLocker

I wanted to try and see if I was able to use AppLocker to only allow needed files (Real whitelisting). Normally what you would do when setting up AppLocker is that you would start out by trusting something. This something could either be everything under C:\windows and c:\programfiles, or it could be every file that … Continue reading Real whitelisting attempt using AppLocker

GPscript.exe – another LOLBin to the list

TL;DR - GPO scripts can be defined for user and started with GPScript.exe /Logon - Logonscripts do not show up in Autoruns.exe   I started to play around with GPscript.exe here the other day and found some interesting stuff and I want to have this documented for the future, so therefor I wrote this blogpost … Continue reading GPscript.exe – another LOLBin to the list

Putting data in Alternate data streams and how to execute it – part 2

I wrote a blogpost a while back about Alternate data streams that you can find here: https://oddvar.moe/2018/01/14/putting-data-in-alternate-data-streams-and-how-to-execute-it/ After I wrote that post I have made some new discoveries that I wanted to share around Alternate data streams. As you probably already know if you read some of my stuff is that I am a big fan … Continue reading Putting data in Alternate data streams and how to execute it – part 2

Persistence using GlobalFlags in Image File Execution Options – Hidden from Autoruns.exe

TL;DR – Found a technique to execute any binary file after another application is closed without being detected by Autoruns.exe. – Requires administrator rights and does not belong in userland. – Can also be executed from alternate data streams – Plant file on disk and run these commands to create persistence that triggers everytime someone … Continue reading Persistence using GlobalFlags in Image File Execution Options – Hidden from Autoruns.exe

Persistence using RunOnceEx – Hidden from Autoruns.exe

TL;DR - Found a technique to execute DLL files without being detected by autoruns.exe at logon. - Requires administrator rights and does not belong in userland. - Run this to Exploit: reg add HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx\0001\Depend /v 1 /d "C:\temp\messageBox64.dll"   RunOnceEx I finally had some time to do some unstructured research. With unstructured research I mean going after … Continue reading Persistence using RunOnceEx – Hidden from Autoruns.exe

Windows Defender Attack Surface Reduction Rules bypass

I discovered an easy way to bypass the Windows Defender Attack Surface Reduction Rules using code inside a macro. This issue has already been fixed with the Windows Defender virus definition version: 1.263.536.0 and above. I was first told to report this to secure@microsoft.com, but it turns out that these kinds of bypasses are considered … Continue reading Windows Defender Attack Surface Reduction Rules bypass

Putting data in Alternate data streams and how to execute it

Part 2 of this research can be found here: https://oddvar.moe/2018/04/11/putting-data-in-alternate-data-streams-and-how-to-execute-it-part-2/ I always had a fascination about ADS (Alternate data streams) and using it as part of a persistence. My first meeting with this as a persistence technique was when Matt Nelson aka @Enigma0x3 wrote a blogpost about using it: https://enigma0x3.net/2015/03/05/using-alternate-data-streams-to-persist-on-a-compromised-machine/ Quite recently I have started to play … Continue reading Putting data in Alternate data streams and how to execute it